Pressure/Vacuum Diaphragm Valve deflagration- and endurance burning-proof
- particularly suitable for problematic products such as styrene, acrylates, etc.
- protection against atmospheric deflagrations and endurance burning for products up to explosion group IIB3 (NEC group C MESG ≥ 0.65 mm)
- excellent tightness, resulting in lowest possible product losses and environmental pollution
- set pressure close to opening pressure for optimum pressure maintenance in the system
- high flow capacity
- can be used as a protective system in areas with potentially explosive atmospheres in accordance with ATEX
- minimum pressure loss due to the PROTEGO® flame arrester unit
- flame arrester venting and ventilation of the pressurized chamber
- optimal frost protection
- automatic condensate drain
- monitoring of the load liquid by a level indicator
- easy operation monitoring and maintenance by simply opening the hinged valve cap
- modular design enables replacement of individual FLAMEFILTER® discs and diaphragm
Function and Description
The PROTEGO® UB/SF-G diaphragm valve is the only deflagration-proof and endurance burning-proof valve of its kind in the world. It is a highly developed combined pressure and vacuum valve with dynamic and static flame arresters. It is primarily used as a safety device for flame transmission-proof in-breathing and out-breathing of tanks, containers, and process equipment. The valve provides reliable protection against overpressure and vacuum, prevents the in-breathing of air and product losses almost up to the set pressure, and protects against atmospheric deflagration and endurance burning if stabilized burning occurs.
The PROTEGO® UB/SF-G diaphragm valve has proven itself over many years under a wide variety of operating conditions in the mineral oil and chemical industries. Worldwide, it is the only vent which works reliably with problem products such as styrene or acrylates. The set pressure is adjusted with a freeze resistant water-glycol mixture which ensures safe operation under extreme cold weather conditions. The valve type PROTEGO® UB/SF-G is used for those operating conditions, when heated product vapours condensate due to low ambient temperatures within the vacuum chamber (5) connected to the tank room. This would dilute the liquid load of the standard design type PROTEGO® UB/SF, whereas PROTEGO® UB/SF-G allows the condensate to flow back into the tank via punched diaphragm.
The PROTEGO® UB/SF-G valve is available for substances up to explosion group IIB3.
When the pressure in the tank reaches the set pressure, the diaphragm (1) on the outer valve seat ring (2) is lifted and vapors are released into the environment. The set pressure is adjusted by weight of the liquid load (water-glycol mixture) in the outer ring chamber (3). The overpressure chamber is equipped with an opening (4) to keep the pressure in balance. The opening is equipped with a FLAMEFILTER® to prevent flame transmission into the overpressure chamber. The overpressure is adjusted via the filling level of the load liquid in the chamber and can be checked by a floating level indicator (7).
If there is vacuum within the tank, the pressure part of the diaphragm (9) is pressed on the valve seat (2) by the liquid load as well as by the atmospherical pressure within the pressure valve chamber, which provides additional sealing. If the tank vacuum, which exists also in the valve chamber (5) because of the holes in the diaphragm part (6), exceeds the valve set pressure, the vacuum part of the diaphragm (10) lifts up due to the external atmospheric pressure, which exists in the valve internal and air flows into the tank.
The tank pressure is maintained up to the set pressure with a tightness that is above the normal standards due to our highly developed manufacturing technology. This is achieved by the liquid loaded diaphragm pressing tightly around the special designed valve seat surface area even when the operating pressure increases, which reduces surface pressure and unnecessary leakage. After the overpressure is released, the valve re-seats and provides a tight seal.
If the set pressure is exceeded, explosive gas/air or product vapor/air mixtures are released into the atmosphere. The speed at which these mixtures exit the annular gap between the diaphragm and the outer valve seat ring is considerably greater than the flame speed. If this mixture ignites, flashback into the tank is prevented. If the mixture flow continues, the dynamic flame arresting feature prevents a flashback, even in case of endurance burning. Even at relatively low flow rates, e.g., during thermal out-breathing, the gap formed by the volumetric flow is so narrow, that flames in the gap are extinguished and a flashback is prevented. At very low pressure settings, the explosion pressures resulting from an atmospheric deflagration may be strong enough to lift the diaphragm off the valve seat rings. The ignition into the tank can be prevented by installing the PROTEGO® flame arrester unit (8). This PROTEGO® flame arrester unit provides additional protection against atmospheric deflagration when the valve is open for maintenance and inspection.
The valve can be used at an operating temperature of up to +60°C / 140°F and meets the requirements of European tank design standard EN 14015 (Appendix L) and ISO 28300 (API 2000).
Type-approved in accordance with the current ATEX Directive and EN ISO 16852, as well as other international standards.
To select the nominal size (DN), please use the flow capacity charts on the following pages
|DN||pressure||pressure||80 / 3"||pressure||pressure||100 / 4"||pressure||pressure||150 / 6"|
|a||up to +28 mbar||up to +11.2 inch W.C.||615 / 24.21||up to +28 mbar||up to +11.2 inch W.C.||645 / 25.39||up to +25 mbar||up to +10 inch W.C.||680 / 26.77|
|a||> +28 mbar||> +11.2 inch W.C.||765 / 30.12||> +28 mbar||> +11.2 inch W.C.||795 / 31.30||> +25 mbar||> +10 inch W.C.||830 / 32.68|
|b||410 / 16.14||485 / 19.09||590 / 23.23|
Material selection for housing
|Valve top||Stainless Steel||Stainless Steel|
|Heating coil (UB / SF-H-...)||Stainless Steel||Stainless Steel|
|Valve seat||Stainless Steel||Stainless Steel|
|Diaphragm||A, B||A, B|
|Flame arrester unit||C||C|
Material combinations of flame arrester unit
|FLAMEFILTER® cage||Stainless Steel|
Selection of explosion group
|MESG||Expl. Gr. (IEC / CEN)||Gas Group (NEC)|
|≥ 0,65 mm||IIB3||C|
Flange connection type
|EN 1092-1; Form B1|
|ASME B16.5 CL 150 R.F.|
Design Types and Specifications
In overpressure ranges the valve is pressurized by liquid, whereas in underpressure ranges it is weight-loaded. Higher pressures are available upon request in a special version with an additional attachment.
There are two different designs:
Pressure/vacuum diaphragm valve, basic design
UB/SF - G
Pressure/vacuum diaphragm valve with heating coil (max. heating fluid temperature +85°C / 185°F)
UB/SF - G - H
Separate data sheets are available for further requirements, e.g. PROTEGO® UB/SF-IIB3, UB/SF-IIA1.
|DN 80||+3.5 mbar||+50 mbar|
|+1.4 inch W.C.||+20 inch W.C.|
|DN 100||+3.5 mbar||+45 mbar|
|+1.4 inch W.C.||+18 inch W.C.|
|DN 150||+3.5 mbar||+46 mbar|
|+1.4 inch W.C.||+18.4 inch W.C.|
|Higher pressure settings up to +140 mbar (56.2 inch W.C.) in special design with additional liquid reservoir as well as lower pressure settings upon request.|
|Vacuum:||-3,5 mbar; -5 mbar; -7 mbar (Festwerte)|
Flow Capacity Chart
UB/SF-G DN80 pressure
UB/SF-G DN100 pressure
UB/SF-G DN150 pressure
UB/SF-G DN80 vacuum
UB/SF-G DN100 vacuum
UB/SF-G DN150 vacuum
The flow capacity charts have been determined with a calibrated and TÜV certified flow capacity test rig. Volume flow V in (m³/h) and CFH refer to the standard reference conditions of air ISO 6358 (20°C, 1bar). For conversion to other densities and temperatures refer to Sec. 1: “Technical Fundamentals”.