In-Line Liquid Detonation Flame Arrester for filling and drain lines - external installation
Función y Descripción
The PROTEGO® LDA-WF(W) series of liquid detonation flame arresters was developed for storage container filling lines that are not continuously filled with product and sometimes contain a combustible mixture. The integrated siphon protection (1) with PROTEGO® flame arrester unit (2) additionally prevents the liquid in which the lines are immersed from being siphoned off while the container is being drained. PROTEGO® flame arrester consists of several FLAMEFILTER® discs (3) and spacers firmly held in a FLAMEFILTER® cage (4). The number of FLAMEFILTER® discs and their gap size depends on the arresters conditions of use. The device is installed outside of the container in the filling and drain lines. If the explosive atmosphere is ignited, the device prevents the combustion from traveling into the tank. The PROTEGO® LDA-WF(W) series of liquid detonation flame arresters combines the classic PROTEGO® flame arrester design with the siphon principle in which the liquid product serves as a barrier to flame propagation.
When a highly accelerated pipe deflagration or detonation occurs, the combustion pressure and flame propagation speed is first substantially reduced by the design and converted into a low-energy deflagration that is then stopped by the remaining immersion liquid and the PROTEGO® flame arrester.
The application range for the device is a product vapour/air mixture temperature up to +60°C / 140°F and an absolute pressure up to 1.1 bar / 15.9 psi. Devices with special approval can be obtained for higher temperatures upon request. This covers all of the possible operating conditions of empty lines for flammable liquids. The liquid detonation arrester is designed for pressures up to 10 bar / 145 psi and therefore resists explosion pressure and offers protection for almost all flammable liquids. The device is approved for explosion groups IIA to IIB3 (NEC group D to C MESG ≥ 0.65 mm). Special designs with a cleaning cover for highly viscous liquids can be provided.
Type-approved in accordance with the current ATEX Directive and EN ISO 16852 as well as other international standards.
Características especiales y ventajas
the device is easily accessible since it is mounted on the containers outside
siphon protection offers a high degree of safety
minimum risk of soiling
low pressure loss
provides protection from deflagrations and stable detonations
useful for nearly all flammable liquids
meets TRbF* requirements
*TRbF = technical regulations for flammable liquids
Diagrama de flujo volumétrico
El fl ujo volumétrico V en m³/h se determinó con agua según DIN EN60534 a una temperatura Tn = 15°C y a una presión atmosférica pn = 1,013 bar, viscosidad cinemática v = 10-6 m²/s.
To avoid electrostatic charge of flammable liquids the maximum flow is limited (refer to BG-Regulation 132, CENELEC-Report CLC/TR 50404).
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